Powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities:. Legislatures of States have been conferred the power [Art. It has specifically been mentioned that they may be given the responsibility of a preparation of plans for economic development and social justice, b implementation of schemes as may be entrusted to them, and c in regard to matters listed in the 12th schedule.
This schedule contains 18 items, e. Powers to impose taxes and financial resources:. A State Legislature may by law authorise a Municipality to levy, collect and appropriate taxes, duties, tolls etc.
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The law may lay down the limits and prescribe the procedure to be followed. It can also assign to a Municipality various taxes, duties etc. Grants-in-aid may be given to the Municipalities, from the Consolidated Fund of the State.
The Finance Commission appointed under Art. The State Election Commission appointed under Art. State Legislatures have been vested with necessary power to regulate by law all matters relating to elections to Municipalities. Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters:.
The courts shall have no jurisdiction to examine the validity of a law, relating to delimitation of constituencies or the allotment of seats made under Art. An election to a Municipality can be called in question only by an election petition which should be presented to such authority and in such manner as may be prescribed by or under any law made by the State Legislature. Committees for a District Planning and b Metorpolitan Planning:. Apart from giving constitutional recognition to Municipalities the 74th Amendment lays down that in every State two committees shall be constituted.
In every metropolitan area a Metropolitan Planning Committiee [Art. The composition of the committees and the manner in which the seats are to be filled are to be provided by a law to be made by the State Legislature. But it has been laid down that, Their proportion would be in accordance with the ratio of urban and rural population of the district. The proplortion of seats to be shared by them would be based on the ratio of the population of the Municipalities and the Panchayats in the area. Not registered?
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